Development of 3D printing filament from oil palm empty fruit bunch fibre

The goal of the project is to study the mechanical, thermal properties and biodegradability of the Polylactic acid- oil palm empty fruit bunch fibre (PLA-OPEFBF) filament. There are only a few polylactic (PLA) based natural fibre reinforce composite (NFRC) that are available commercially. The fibre from the oil palm has not been used yet and the research on using this fibre is still minimal. Previous research has shown that when the fibre content is too high, it will have trouble printing out the filament as it clogs the 3D printing nozzle, and the optimum melting temperature also varies according to the fibre content. In this project, a lesser ratio of polylactic acid: empty fruit bunch fibre (PLA: EFB) will be used which is 5 wt.%,10 wt.%, and 15 wt.%. The properties will be benchmarked against pure PLA filaments. The purpose of this project is to create polylactic acid (PLA) based 3D printing filament with oil palm empty fruit bunch, finding out the optimum fibre to PLA ratio. To research on the biodegradability and the optimum melting temperature of the PLA-EFB filament. The data collected will be analysed and compiled into the final report. This project will be a quantitative research. The properties of PLA-Composite based on oil palm empty fruit bunch fibre will be benchmark against pure PLA printing filament Three different ratios of PLA-OPEFBF will be made, which are 5 wt.%,10 wt.%, and 15 wt.%. Three tests will be performed which are tensile, thermal and the biodegradability test. PLA-EFB filament will be more eco-friendly as it is biodegradable PLA-EFB filaments have higher tensile strength compared to traditional PLA filaments. The palm oil industry will be able to benefit by selling their by-product instead of it becoming waste.