Development of Composites from Waste Denim Fabric Using Different Manufacturing Methods

The consumption of textiles is growing yearly due to increase of human population. Then, the textile industry generated about 150 million tons of waste annually. Thus, the recycling of waste textile and turning it into useful application is necessary. Natural fibre reinforced composites (NFRCs) are widely uses for automotive applications due to it favourable mechanical properties and lightweight, e.g., non-structure interior panels. From textile industry, cotton fibre is the main raw material to produce denim wear. Recently, some researchers found the denim waste fabrics could be a great reinforcement to produce composite materials. For this reason, this research is proposed to utilise the denim waste fabric and make it into composites using different manufacturing methods, such as hand layout, compression moulding and resin infusion techniques.