Fabrication and characterization of fishbone bio-hydroxyapatite alginate coated scaffolds

The aim of this article was to investigate the fabrication of hydroxyapatites, which were synthesized form fish-bones waste and the characterisation of the scaffolds made from fish-bones hydroxyapatite. The fish species used in this study was White-fin Wolf Herring (Chirocentrus nudus). The fish-bone wastes collected from the fish-ball maker were cleaned and boiled at temperature of 100°C for 20 minutes to remove debris and fat. After drying, the fish-bones were broke into small pieces, then calcined at 900°C for 4 hours. The calcined fish-bones were crushed and milled into powder form. The powder samples were then used to cast few sample scaffolds with sodium alginate, starch, and calcium chloride. The sample scaffolds formed would characterize by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR) and test the tensile strength by tensile machine.