Impact of Wind Power Plants Participation on Transient Stability of Electrical Power Systems

Electricity is in high demand with a fast-growing population; hence it is advisable to turn towards green energy. In this research, Wind Turbine (WT) is modeled with two different types of induction generators which are the Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) and Squirrel-Cage Induction Generator (SCIG) and implemented to IEEE 9-Bus system to assessed the transient stability. MATLAB/ Simulink R2019a platform was considered to carry the whole examination. DC1A excitation system was applied to synchronous generators (SGs) as well as power system stabilizer (PSS). The transmission line7-5 was found to suffer from a high peak value of relative power angle of approximately 130 degrees. As for the settling time, without PSS it was 20.69 s and with PSS it became 6.23 s. A wind farm with a rated capacity of 60 MW was used in the system. WT integrated with DFIG has the lowest peak value of 127 degrees at Bus locations 4 and 5 and for SCIG, Bus 5 with a peak value of 136 degrees. Thus, can be propelled as the perfect location. Moreover, this is due to the three-phase fault was located at the transmission line7-5 which is far away from Buses 4 and 5. In the end, the WT integrated with DFIG provides a lower peak value of relative power angle compared to SCIG, whereas for settling time, it is the opposite.