Case Study: Researching Biomimicry
Biomimicry Topic: Termite Mount

Name: Heng Sy Hua

Abstract

 

Global warming has always been a crucial issue among specialist over the world. However, the main cooling mechanism that we are currently using is still air conditioning system that sadly, is one of the main causes of global warming. Various studies has proven the different level of  effectiveness of using biomimicry of a termite mount in building passive cooling ideas in various climate. Hence, this study narrow the scope in looking at the type of termite mount biomimicry design that is effective in tropical country. By applying the type of structure in termite mount as a biomimicry design idea in building opening, this will directly improve the passive cooling of a building, lower the usage of artificial cooling mechanism and contributes in solving the issue of global warming.

Termite

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Termite communities have co-evolved for millions of years into ‘super-organisms’.

  • A superorganism is any aggregate of individual organisms that behaves like a unified organism. Members of a superorganism have highly specialized social cooperative instincts, divisions of labor, and are unable to survive away from their superorganism for very long.

  • Termite mound can be found widely in Africa, Australia and South America in both dry dessert or forest environment.

  • The mound can shapes up to 30 metres high depending on the colony size and the environment.

  • This species is well known for its complex mound structure where it has thousand of chimney and tunnel to perform thermoregulation for their internal nest.

  • This is essential for a thermite mound as termite need a very specific temperature which is at 30 degree Celsius in order to protect the eggs and produce their food.

  • Great temperature change of their living environment termite has turned their mound into a structure that is able to regulate the temperature throughout the day.

 

Structure of Termite Mound

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thermosiphon Flow

 

 

 

Induced Flow

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Termite.jpg
Structure of termite mount.jpg
PictureThermosiphon Flow.jpg
Induced Flow.jpg

Description

Global warming has always been a crucial issue among specialist over the world. However, the main cooling mechanism that we are currently using is still air conditioning system that sadly, is one of the main causes of global warming. Especially in tropical country, mean temperature is around 30-33 degree Celsius but the temperature for human comfort is around 22-27 degree Celsius. Artificial air conditioning system is widely been used in tropical country. Hence, Effective passive cooling system integrates with the nature surrounding and brings down indoor temperature without using air conditioning system where the building structure itself are able to regulate cool air into the building and hot air out from the building is crucially in need to solve the issue of global warming. Over the years, passive cooling has become one of the popular topic and biomimicry system has given us an opportunity to learn from the nature system on how other flora or fauna archive thermal comfort and cooling. Termite mount has become one of the best example on passive cooling with their various mount structure design that will suit in different climate. Various studies has proven the different level of  effectiveness of using biomimicry of a termite mount in building passive cooling ideas in various climate. However, most the of studies and designs are in hot and dry or cold climate country. Hence, this study narrow the scope in looking at the type of termite mount biomimicry design that is effective in tropical country. By applying the type of structure in termite mount as a biomimicry design idea in building opening, this will directly improve the passive cooling of a building, lower the usage of artificial cooling mechanism and contributes in solving the issue of global warming.

Prototype 

 

WhatsApp Image 2021-07-15 at 10.00.50 AM.jpeg

Prototype produce based on Opening for Induced Flow (Prototype A)

Prototype Type A.jpg

Prototype produce based on Opening for Thermosiphon Flow (Prototype B)